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Adequacy of niacin, folate, and vitamin B12 intakes from foods among newfoundland and labrador adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23750977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purpose: Adequacy of intake for niacin, folate, and vitamin B12 from food was estimated in an adult population in Newfoundland and Labrador (NL). Also considered was whether study findings support current Canadian food fortification policies. Methods: Four hundred randomly selected adult NL residents were surveyed by telephone. Secondary analysis was performed on two 24-hour food recalls for each participant. Mean daily intakes of niacin, folate, and vitamin B12 were estimated from foods only and compared by sex/age subgroup. Adequacy of intakes was estimated. Contributions of folate by ready-to-eat cereal and bread products were also estimated. Results: Intakes of all three nutrients were higher in men. In comparison with recommendations, daily niacin intakes were as follows: excessive for 21.9% of all participants (and for 56.8% of men aged 28 to 54), within the recommended range for 73.6%, and less than adequate for 4.5%. In comparison with recommendations, daily folate intakes were as follows: within the recommended range for 18.1% of participants and less than adequate for 81.9%. In comparison with recommendations, daily vitamin B12 intakes were less than adequate for 36.3% of participants. Conclusions: More than 20% of those surveyed were consuming, from food alone, niacin at levels above the maximum recommended. Food fortification policies pertaining to niacin should be revisited. In addition, despite fortification, NL adults may be consuming inadequate amounts of folate from foods.
Authors:
Jennifer Colbourne; Natasha Baker; Peter Wang; Lin Liu; Christina Tucker; Barbara Roebothan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research : a publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue canadienne de la pratique et de la recherche en diététique : une publication des Diététistes du Canada     Volume:  74     ISSN:  1486-3847     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Diet Pract Res     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9811151     Medline TA:  Can J Diet Pract Res     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Memorial University of Newfoundland.
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