Document Detail


Adenovirus genome in the placenta: association with histological chorioamnionitis and preterm birth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20572081     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adenovirus is isolated frequently from the amniotic fluid and has been implicated in severe neonatal infections. A case control study was carried out to examine the association of detection of adenovirus in placentas with preterm birth and histological chorioamnionitis. Placentas from preterm and full term deliveries were collected prospectively. Preterm cases were divided into three subgroups according to the gestational age. PCR was carried out on placental tissues for the detection of adenovirus genome. Placentas were evaluated histologically for the presence of chorioamnionitis. Chi-square and odds ratios (OR) were used to determine if detection of adenovirus is associated with preterm birth and histological evidence of inflammation. Seventy-one preterm and 122 full term placentas were studied. Adenovirus genome was detected in 29 (40.8%) of preterm cases and in 25 (20.5%) of the full term controls (OR = 2.6; 95% CI, 1.4-5.1; P = 0.002). Detection of adenovirus in preterm placentas was significantly higher compared to full term particularly in the lower gestational age. Detection of adenovirus in placenta followed the seasonal variation of adenovirus infections. Thirty-seven preterm and 21 full term placentas were also selected for paraffin inclusion and histological examination. Chorioamnionitis was present more frequently in preterm adenovirus-positive placentas compared to preterm adenovirus-negative placentas (75% vs. 36%; P = 0.026) as well as compared to term adenovirus-positive placentas (75% vs. 19%; P = 0.003). This study demonstrates that adenovirus infection of the placenta is associated strongly with histological chorioamnionitis and preterm birth.
Authors:
Effrossine A Tsekoura; Anastasia Konstantinidou; Sofia Papadopoulou; Stavros Athanasiou; Nicholas Spanakis; Dimitrios Kafetzis; Aris Antsaklis; Athanassios Tsakris
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical virology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  1096-9071     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Virol.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705876     Medline TA:  J Med Virol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1379-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenoviridae / genetics,  isolation & purification*
Adenoviridae Infections / complications*,  virology
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Chorioamnionitis / pathology,  virology*
DNA, Viral / genetics,  isolation & purification*
Female
Histocytochemistry
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Microscopy
Placenta / virology*
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pregnancy
Premature Birth / etiology*
Prevalence
Seasons
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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