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Adenoviral delivery of Tousled kinase for the protection of salivary glands against ionizing radiation damage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21048794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oral complications of salivary hypofunction often afflict cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancers. Dry mouth or xerostomia is an undesirable consequence of radiotherapy that compromises normal oral functions in addition to causing odynophagia and increasing the patient's risk of oral infections and dental caries. Radiation-induced xerostomia is irreversible, and palliative measures to provide symptomatic relief remain the mainstay of treatment. Previously, we identified a splice variant of a cellular kinase, Tousled-like kinase 1B (TLK1B), which when overexpressed protects normal epithelial cells against ionizing radiation (IR)-induced cell death. To address the need to protect salivary glands in patients undergoing regional radiotherapy, we investigated whether preemptive expression of TLK1B in salivary glands protects against IR. In stably-derived salivary cell lines in vitro, TLK1B expression increased cell survival after IR. Cells expressing exogenous TLK1B were less radiosensitive (A5-TLK1B, α/β=0.67 Gy; ParC5-TLK1B, α/β=4.3 Gy) compared to control cells (A5-BK, α/β=1.7 Gy; ParC5-BK, α/β=32.7 Gy). Using a recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 viral vector for TLK1B gene transfer into rat submandibular salivary glands in vivo, we demonstrated that TLK1B protects the saliva-secreting acinar cells and better preserves salivary gland function against IR relative to control glands. After a single fraction of 16 Gy, the decline in salivary function at 8 weeks was less pronounced in TLK1B-treated animals (40%) as compared to saline-treated controls (67%). Histopathological analysis demonstrated increase in acinar atrophy, decrease in acinar cell number, and increase in inflammatory infiltrate and fibrosis in irradiated control tissues relative to TLK1B-treated glands. These results show the radioprotective benefits of TLK1B and implicate its usefulness in the management of regional radiotherapy-induced xerostomia.
Authors:
S Palaniyandi; Y Odaka; W Green; F Abreo; G Caldito; A De Benedetti; G Sunavala-Dossabhoy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gene therapy     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1476-5462     ISO Abbreviation:  Gene Ther.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421525     Medline TA:  Gene Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA.
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