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Adenosine signaling in glioma cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22879062     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Purines and pyrimidines are fundamental signaling molecules in controlling the survival and proliferation of astrocytes, as well as in mediating cell-to-cell communication between glial cells and neurons in the healthy brain. The malignant transformation of astrocytes towards progressively more aggressive brain tumors (from astrocytoma to anaplastic glioblastoma) leads to modifications in both the survival and cell death pathways which overall confer a growth advantage to malignant cells and resistance to many cytotoxic stimuli. It has been demonstrated, however, that, in astrocytomas, several purinergic (in particular adenosinergic) pathways controlling cell survival and death are still effective and, in some cases, even enhanced, providing invaluable targets for purine-based chemotherapy, that still represents an appropriate pharmacological approach to brain tumors. In this chapter, the current knowledge on both receptor-mediated and receptor-independent adenosine pathways in astrocytomas will be reviewed, with a particular emphasis on the most promising targets which could be translated from in vitro studies to in vivo pharmacology.
Authors:
Stefania Ceruti; Maria P Abbracchio
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in experimental medicine and biology     Volume:  986     ISSN:  0065-2598     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0121103     Medline TA:  Adv Exp Med Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology of Purinergic Transmission, Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, 9 via Balzaretti, 20133, Milan, Italy, stefania.ceruti@unimi.it.
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