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Adenosine A2 receptors are involved in the activation of ATP-sensitive K+ currents during metabolic inhibition in guinea pig ventricular myocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21423292     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It has been hypothesized that an interaction among adenosine A1 receptors, protein kinase C (PKC) activation, and ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP) mediates ischemic preconditioning in experiments on different animal species. The purpose of this study was to determine if activation of KATP is functionally coupled to A1 receptors and (or) PKC activation during metabolic inhibition (MI) in guinea pig ventricular myocytes. Perforated-patch using nystatin and conventional whole-cell recording methods were used to observe the effects of adenosine and adenosine-receptor antagonists on the activation of KATP currents during MI induced by application of 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) without glucose, in the presence or absence of a PKC activator, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Adenosine accelerated the time course activation of KATP currents during MI under the intact intracellular condition or dialyzed condition with l mmol/L ATP in the pipette solution. The accelerated effect of adenosine activation of KATP under MI was not reversed by a nonselective Al adenosine receptor antagonist, 8-(p-sulfophenyl)theophylline (SPT), or a specific Al adenosine receptor antagonist, 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX). However, the adenosine A2 receptor antagonist alloxazine reversed the time course activation of the KATP current under MI. An adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, did not further abbreviate the time course activation of KATP with or without adenosine. Application of a PKC blocker, chelerythrine, reversed the time course activation of KATP by adenosine under MI. In addition, pretreatment with a PKC activator, PMA, had similar effects to adenosine, while adenosine did not further shorten the time required for activation of KATP currents during MI with PMA pretreatment. There is no direct evidence of activation of KATP currents by adenosine A1 receptor during metabolic inhibition under our experimental condition. However, adenosine A2 receptor activation is involved in the KATP channel activation in the guinea pig ventricular myocytes, of which effect is not mediated through the increase in intracellular cAMP. Adenosine seems to interact with PKC activation to open KATP during MI, but a possible link between the adenosine A2 receptor and PKC activation in this process needs further elucidation.
Authors:
Sheng-Jun Pan; Li-Rong Li
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1205-7541     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Huanghuai University Department of Nursing, Zhumadian, Henan 463000, China.
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