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Additive postprandial blood glucose-attenuating and satiety-enhancing effect of cinnamon and acetic acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19917452     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cinnamon and vinegar or acetic acid were reported to reduce the postprandial blood glucose response. We hypothesized that the combination of these substances might result in an additive effect. Therefore, we determined the 2-hour postprandial blood glucose and satiety response to a milk rice meal supplemented with either cinnamon or acetic acid on their own or in combination. Subjects (n = 27) consumed the meal on 4 occasions as either pure (control trial), with 4 g cinnamon, 28 mmol acetic acid, or the combination of cinnamon + acetic acid. Blood glucose and satiety were assessed before eating and 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes postprandially. At 15 minutes, the combination of cinnamon + acetic acid resulted in a significantly reduced blood glucose concentration compared with the control meal (P = .021). The incremental area under the blood glucose response curve over 120 minutes did, however, not differ between the trials (P = .539). The satiety score of the cinnamon + acetic acid trial was significantly higher than that in the control trial at 15 (P = .024) and 30 minutes (P = .024), but the incremental area under the curve of the satiety response did not differ (P = .116) between the trials. In conclusion, the significant effect of the combination of cinnamon and acetic acid on blood glucose and satiety immediately after meal intake indicated an additive effect of the 2 substances. Whether larger doses of cinnamon and acetic acid may result in a more substantial additive effect on blood glucose or satiety remains to be investigated.
Authors:
Samuel Mettler; Isaline Schwarz; Paolo C Colombani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1879-0739     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Res     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303331     Medline TA:  Nutr Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  723-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland. samuel-mettler@ethz.ch
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