Document Detail

The Additive Diagnostic Role of Coronary Flow Reserve in Noninvasive Evaluation of Coronary Stenosis on Left Descending Artery Previously Detected by Multislice Computed Tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23134228     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: Multislice computed coronary angiography (MSCT) provides valuable morphological information about coronary artery disease, but precise quantification of coronary stenosis remains difficult. Transthoracic color Doppler echocardiography (TDE) gives a new insight into the functional significance of coronary luminal narrowing. We have tried to assess the additive value of coronary flow reserve (CFR) determined by TDE over MSCT in prediction of a significant stenosis on the left anterior descending artery (LAD) using the invasive coronary angiography (ICA) as a reference method. Methods: This prospective study included 63 patients in stable cardiac status with previously detected atherosclerotic lesions on LAD by MSCT. CFR assessment by TDE with adenosine infusion was obtained to all patients (feasibility was 96.92%). CFR was determined as ratio between the peak diastolic flow velocity during adenosine infusion and at basal condition, a cutoff value indicating significant stenosis was <2. ICA was preformed to all patients 24-48 hours after CFR. Results: MSCT had sensitivity of 86.36%, specificity 53.66%, positive predictive value 50.00%, negative predictive value 88.00%, and diagnostic accuracy of 65.07% in detection of significant LAD stenosis. CFR had sensitivity 81.81%, specificity 97.06%, positive predictive value 94.74%, negative predictive value 89.19%, and diagnostic accuracy of 91.07%. When the results of both methods were agreed diagnostic accuracy was improved to 92.72%. Conclusion: Additional assessment of CFR by TDE increase diagnostic accuracy of MSCT angiography in detection of significant coronary artery lesions.
Zorica Mladenovic; Ana Djordjevic-Dikic; Dragan Tavciovski; Andjelka Ristic Angelkov; Zoran Jovic; Predrag Djuric
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Clinic for Cardiology, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia.
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