Document Detail

Additional Endovascular Therapy in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke Who Are Nonresponsive to Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator: Usefulness of Magnetic Resonance Angiography-Diffusion Mismatch.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22902147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: In patients who are not responsive to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV t-PA), the present study aimed to report recanalization rates, the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation (HT), and clinical outcomes of additional endovascular therapy (AET), and to investigate the usefulness of magnetic resonance angiography-diffusion mismatch (MDM) in a selection of patients eligible for AET. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients who received IV t-PA therapy because of intracranial major artery occlusion between April 2007 and November 2010 were divided into 2 groups: 18 patients in the AET group and 21 patients in the IV t-PA nonresponders group. The remaining 19 patients were responders to IV t-PA and therefore not eligible for this study. Recanalization rates, HT incidence, and 3-month outcomes were assessed, and the relationship between MDM and clinical outcome was examined. RESULTS: A 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0 to 3 was seen more frequently in the AET group (72% in the AET group v 29% in the nonresponder group; P = .01). Serious outcomes (3-month mRS of 5-6) were seen significantly less often in the AET group (17%) than in the nonresponder group (57%; P = .019). There were no differences in the incidence of HT. In the AET group, reappraisal considering MDM revealed a significantly higher rate of a 3-month mRS of 0 to 3 in the MDM-positive group compared to the MDM-negative group (86% v 25%, respectively; P = .044). Serious outcomes were observed significantly less frequently in the MDM-positive group compared to the MDM-negative group (0% v 75%, respectively; P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: AET for nonresponders to IV t-PA was safe, improved recanalization rates, and led to better prognoses. MDM was a very good predictor of improved prognosis in a selection of eligible patients for AET after IV t-PA.
Tomohisa Dembo; Ichiro Deguchi; Takuya Fukuoka; Harumitsu Nagoya; Hajime Maruyama; Yuji Kato; Yohsuke Horiuchi; Yasuko Ohe; Norio Tanahashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8511     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111633     Medline TA:  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Neurology and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.
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