Document Detail


Addition of isolated wrist extensor eccentric exercise to standard treatment for chronic lateral epicondylosis: a prospective randomized trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20579907     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Isokinetic eccentric training of the wrist extensors has recently been shown to be effective in treating chronic lateral epicondylosis. However, isokinetic dynamometry is not widely available or practical for daily exercise prescription. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a novel eccentric wrist extensor exercise added to standard treatment for chronic lateral epicondylosis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with chronic unilateral lateral epicondylosis were randomized into an eccentric training group (n = 11, 6 men, 5 women; age 47 +/- 2 yr) and a Standard Treatment Group (n = 10, 4 men, 6 women; age 51 +/- 4 yr). DASH questionnaire, VAS, tenderness measurement, and wrist and middle finger extension were recorded at baseline and after the treatment period.
RESULTS: Groups did not differ in terms of duration of symptoms (Eccentric 6 +/- 2 mo vs Standard 8 +/- 3 mos., P = .7), number of physical therapy visits (9 +/- 2 vs 10 +/- 2, P = .81) or duration of treatment (7.2 +/- 0.8 wk vs 7.0 +/- 0.6 wk, P = .69). Improvements in all dependent variables were greater for the Eccentric Group versus the Standard Treatment Group (percent improvement reported): DASH 76% vs 13%, P = .01; VAS 81% vs 22%, P = .002, tenderness 71% vs 5%, P = .003; strength (wrist and middle finger extension combined) 79% vs 15%, P = .011.
DISCUSSION: All outcome measures for chronic lateral epicondylosis were markedly improved with the addition of an eccentric wrist extensor exercise to standard physical therapy. This novel exercise, using an inexpensive rubber bar, provides a practical means of adding isolated eccentric training to the treatment of chronic lateral epicondylosis.
Authors:
Timothy F Tyler; Gregory C Thomas; Stephen J Nicholas; Malachy P McHugh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2010-06-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1532-6500     ISO Abbreviation:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-17     Completed Date:  2011-01-04     Revised Date:  2011-01-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206499     Medline TA:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  917-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2010 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
PRO Sports Physical Therapy, Scarsdale, NY 10583, USA. shoulderpt@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chronic Disease
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
Prospective Studies
Range of Motion, Articular
Tennis Elbow / physiopathology,  therapy*
Treatment Outcome
Wrist / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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