Document Detail

Added-purpose versus rote exercise in female nursing home residents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2817074     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Seven recent experimental and quasi-experimental studies have compared the exercise of subjects instructed to pursue some added goal (often termed purposeful activity) with the exercise of subjects instructed to exercise without the suggestion of an added goal (often termed nonpurposeful activity). This article suggests a new terminology for this type of independent variable and describes an experiment within this developing tradition. An occupational form designed, through materials and instructions, to elicit a rotary arm exercise with the added purpose of stirring cookie dough was compared with an occupational form designed to elicit the rotary arm exercise with no added purpose. The subjects were 30 elderly female nursing home residents randomly assigned to the occupational forms. Results indicated that the added-purpose, occupationally embedded exercise condition elicited significantly more exercise repetitions than did the rote exercise condition (one-tailed p = .012). Exercise duration and exercise stoppages were also recorded. This study provides additional support for the traditional occupational therapy idea of embedding exercise within occupation. Suggestions are made for future research involving the experimental analysis of therapeutic occupation.
R M Yoder; D L Nelson; D A Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0272-9490     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Occup Ther     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-12-12     Completed Date:  1989-12-12     Revised Date:  2012-08-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705978     Medline TA:  Am J Occup Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  581-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Peoria, Illinois.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Leisure Activities
Nursing Homes*
Occupational Therapy / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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