Document Detail


Added dietary pyridoxine, but not thiamin, improves weanling pig growth performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10682806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We conducted two trials to determine the effects of added dietary pyridoxine (vitamin B6) or thiamin (vitamin B1) on growth performance of weanling pigs. In Exp. 1, weanling pigs (n = 180, initially 5.55 +/- .84 kg, and 21 +/- 2 d of age) were fed either a control diet (no added pyridoxine or thiamin) or the control diet with added thiamin (2.8 or 5.5 mg/kg) from thiamin mononitrate or pyridoxine (3.9 or 7.7 mg/kg) from pyridoxine HC1. These five diets were fed in meal form in two phases (d0 to 14 and 14 to 35 after weaning), with identical vitamin concentrations in both phases. From d 0 to 14 after weaning, pigs fed added pyridoxine had increased (quadratic, P < .05) ADG and ADFI; pigs fed 3.9 mg/kg of added pyridoxine had the greatest improvement. From d 14 to 35 and 0 to 35, ADG and ADFI increased (linear P = .06) for pigs fed increasing pyridoxine. Growth performance was not improved by added thiamin. In Exp. 2, weanling pigs (n = 216, initially 6.08 +/- 1.13 kg, and 21 +/- 2 d of age) were fed a control diet or the control diet with 1.1, 2.2, 3.3, 4.4, or 5.5 mg/kg of added pyridoxine from pyridoxine HCl. From d 0 to 14 after weaning, increasing pyridoxine increased (quadratic, P < .05) ADG and ADFI; pigs fed 3.3 mg/kg of added pyridoxine had the greatest ADG and ADFI. Break-point analysis suggested a requirement estimate of 3.3 and 3.0 mg/kg of added pyridoxine to maximize ADG and ADFI, respectively. From d 14 to 35 or 0 to 35, increasing pyridoxine had no effect (P > .10) on pig growth performance. These results suggest that adding 3.3 mg/kg of pyridoxine (7.1 to 7.9 mg/kg of total pyridoxine) to diets fed from d 0 to 14 after weaning can improve pig growth performance.
Authors:
J C Woodworth; R D Goodband; J L Nelssen; M D Tokach; R E Musser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-04-11     Completed Date:  2000-04-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-0210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed*
Animals
Body Weight / drug effects
Dietary Supplements*
Female
Male
Pyridoxine / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Swine / growth & development*
Thiamine / administration & dosage*,  pharmacology
Weaning
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
59-43-8/Thiamine; 65-23-6/Pyridoxine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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