Document Detail

Adaptive responses to tissue injury: role of heme oxygenase-1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23874015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Tissue injury may result as a consequence of a physical, chemical, or biological insult. Such injury recruits an adaptive response to restore homeostasis and protect against further injury. One of the most prompt protective and adaptive responses by all tissues is the robust activation of the highly inducible, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-apoptotic protein, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). HO-1, a microsomal enzyme, catalyzes the breakdown of pro-oxidant heme, which is released from heme proteins to equimolar quantities of iron, carbon monoxide, and biliverdin. Biliverdin is converted to bilirubin by biliverdin reductase. The beneficial effects of HO-1 expression are not merely due to heme degradation but are also attributed to the cytoprotective properties of the byproducts of the reaction. Manipulation of this enzymatic system in a myriad of disease models has provided substantial evidence to support its role as a cytoprotective enzyme and is therefore an emerging therapeutic molecule.
Anupam Agarwal; Subhashini Bolisetty
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0065-7778     ISO Abbreviation:  Trans. Am. Clin. Climatol. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507559     Medline TA:  Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Birmingham, Alabama.
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