Document Detail


Adaptive defense use and resting blood pressure in a population-based sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14642984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: There is an accumulating body of research related to the psychosomatic study of blood pressure. One variable that has received attention is defense use. We examined the relation between defense use and blood pressure in men and women of different ages. METHODS: A random sample of 667 participants was selected from a population-based study. Resting blood pressure was obtained, and each participant was rated for defense use by a trained observer using Defense-Q. An Adaptive Defense Profile (ADP) score was calculated for each participant, and this score was related to blood pressure. RESULTS: Regression analyses revealed a significant main effect for the ADP score for both diastolic and systolic blood pressure. Those persons with higher ADP scores had lower diastolic and systolic blood pressure. As well, a significant Age x Sex x ADP score interaction was found for diastolic blood pressure. Older women with a less ADP score had higher diastolic blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest the continued investigation of defense use and blood pressure.
Authors:
Michael Wm MacGregor; Karina W Davidson; Cheryl Barksdale; Sheila Black; David MacLean
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of psychosomatic research     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0022-3999     ISO Abbreviation:  J Psychosom Res     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-07-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376333     Medline TA:  J Psychosom Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  531-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Pressure*
Defense Mechanisms*
Female
Health Status Indicators
Health Surveys
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology,  psychology*
Internal-External Control
Male
Middle Aged
Nova Scotia
Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data
Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
Psychophysiologic Disorders / epidemiology,  psychology*
Q-Sort / statistics & numerical data
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG1512/AG/NIA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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