Document Detail

Adaptive changes in the splenic artery and left portal vein in fetal growth restriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22298865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine whether a low splenic artery pulsatility index (PI) and reduced flow through the left portal vein are involved in redistribution of fetal growth restriction. Methods- Forty-two women with prenatally diagnosed intrauterine growth restriction of singleton fetuses were included. The next pregnant woman with an appropriately growing fetus, matched for gestational age, was selected as a control. Blood flow velocities were measured in the splenic artery and left portal vein. Obstetric and perinatal information was obtained from standardized medical records. Results- The blood flow through the left portal vein was significantly reduced compared with the controls (P < .0001). Placental impairment in fetal growth restriction was clearly linked to a decreased splenic artery PI (P = .0004). In growth-restricted fetuses with reduced left portal vein flow and a splenic artery PI below the 5th percentile, perinatal mortality, a low 5-minute Apgar score, and neonatal metabolic acidosis were observed significantly more often (P = .04, .01, and .004; P = .03, .03, and .006, respectively). Conclusions- Reduced blood flow through the left portal vein and low resistance in the splenic artery can be found in growth-restricted fetuses with adverse neonatal outcomes.
Natalija Vedmedovska; Dace Rezeberga; Uldis Teibe; Jana Zodzika; Gilbert G G Donders
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1550-9613     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ultrasound Med     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211547     Medline TA:  J Ultrasound Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Riga Stradins University, 16 Dzirciema St, LV1013 Riga, Latvia.
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