Document Detail


On the Adaptive Significance of Circadian Clocks for Their Owners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23452153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Circadian rhythms are believed to be an evolutionary adaptation to daily environmental cycles resulting from Earth's rotation about its axis. A trait evolved through a process of natural selection is considered as adaptation; therefore, rigorous demonstration of adaptation requires evidence suggesting evolution of a trait by natural selection. Like any other adaptive trait, circadian rhythms are believed to be advantageous to living beings through some perceived function. Circadian rhythms are thought to confer advantage to their owners through scheduling of biological functions at appropriate time of daily environmental cycle (extrinsic advantage), coordination of internal physiology (intrinsic advantage), and through their role in responses to seasonal changes. So far, the adaptive value of circadian rhythms has been tested in several studies and evidence indeed suggests that they confer advantage to their owners. In this review, we have discussed the background for development of the framework currently used to test the hypothesis of adaptive significance of circadian rhythms. Critical examination of evidence reveals that there are several lacunae in our understanding of circadian rhythms as adaptation. Although it is well known that demonstrating a given trait as adaptation (or setting the necessary criteria) is not a trivial task, here we recommend some of the basic criteria and suggest the nature of evidence required to comprehensively understand circadian rhythms as adaptation. Thus, we hope to create some awareness that may benefit future studies in this direction. (Author correspondence: vsharma@jncasr.ac.in or vksharmas@gmail.com ).
Authors:
Koustubh M Vaze; Vijay Kumar Sharma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chronobiology international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-6073     ISO Abbreviation:  Chronobiol. Int.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501362     Medline TA:  Chronobiol Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Chronobiology Laboratory, Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit , Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur , Bangalore, Karnataka , India.
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