Document Detail


Adapting the gang model: peer mentoring for violence prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10390259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effectiveness of an inner-city peer-mentoring program in modifying the attitudes and behaviors involving violence of preadolescent mentees. METHODS: In a case-matched cohort study involving 7- to 13-year-old children, 50 children enrolled in peer mentoring (case subjects) were compared with 75 control subjects. Case subjects were involved before enrollment in the community program in which the intervention occurred; control subjects lived in the same housing project and were matched with case subjects on age, sex, and census tract. A total of 19 community adolescents mentored the case subjects by designing and presenting violence prevention lessons. Two reliable self-report scales, Determining our Viewpoints of Violent Events and Normative Beliefs About Aggression Scale, were used to measure attitudinal change. Teachers completed the Revised Behavior Problem Checklist to assess changes in behavior. RESULTS: At baseline, the survey scores of the case and control subjects were not different. After the intervention period, the case scores indicated less support for violence than the control scores. Case behavior scores did not change, but control behavior scores worsened. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that peer mentoring for younger children may be an important component of efforts to reduce youth violence. A larger multisite trial is warranted.
Authors:
K Sheehan; J A DiCara; S LeBailly; K K Christoffel
Related Documents :
2382679 - Serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor in patients with glomerulonephritis.
1430159 - Development and regeneration in the o-2a lineage: studies in vitro and in vivo.
23073329 - Venlafaxine-induced cholestatic hepatitis: case report and review of literature.
24077629 - A case of diaphragmatic hernia induced by radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular ca...
15652719 - Application of case-crossover and case-time-control study designs in analyses of time-v...
8199669 - Case-control study of risk factors for disease in the neck and shoulder area.
21720599 - Total hip arthroplasty in above-knee amputees: a case report.
15361209 - Molecular differences between rer+ and rer- sporadic endometrial carcinomas in a large ...
10929369 - Intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt associated with biliary atresia: case report.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0031-4005     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-22     Completed Date:  1999-07-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  50-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of General Academic Pediatrics and Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children's Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago Illinois, USA. ksheehan@nwu.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Case-Control Studies
Chicago
Child
Cohort Studies
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Humans
Intervention Studies
Male
Mentors*
Models, Psychological
Peer Group*
Poverty*
Self Concept
Statistics, Nonparametric
Urban Health*
Violence / prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Physically abused adolescents: behavior problems, functional impairment, and comparison of informant...
Next Document:  Symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in infants born to mothers with preexisting immunit...