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Adapted Intervention Mapping: A Strategic Planning Process for Increasing Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Opportunities in Schools via Environment and Policy Change.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23343320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: School environment and policy changes have increased healthy eating and physical activity; however, there has been modest success in translating research findings to practice. The School Environment Project tested whether an adapted version of Intervention Mapping (AIM) resulted in school change.
METHODS: Using a pair randomized design, 10 rural elementary schools were assigned to AIM or the School Health Index (SHI). Baseline measures were collected fall 2005, AIM was conducted 2005-2006, and follow-up measures were collected fall 2006 and 2007. Outcome measures included number and type of effective environment and policy changes implemented; process measures included the extent to which 11 implementation steps were used.
RESULTS: AIM schools made an average of 4.4 effective changes per school with 90% still in place a year later. SHI schools made an average of 0.6 effective changes with 66% in place a year later. Implementation steps distinguishing AIM from SHI included use of external, trained facilitators; principal involvement; explicitly stating the student behavior goals; identifying effective environment and policy changes; prioritizing potential changes based on importance and feasibility; and developing an action plan.
CONCLUSION: The AIM process led to environment and policy changes known to increase healthy eating and physical activity.
Authors:
Elaine S Belansky; Nick Cutforth; Robert Chavez; Lori A Crane; Emily Waters; Julie A Marshall
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  194-205     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, American School Health Association.
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor, (elaine.belansky@ucdenver.edu), Department of Community and Behavioral Health and Associate Director, Rocky Mountain Prevention Research Center, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, East 17th Place, Campus Box C-245, Aurora, CO 80045.
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