Document Detail

Adapted Intervention Mapping: A Strategic Planning Process for Increasing Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Opportunities in Schools via Environment and Policy Change.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23343320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: School environment and policy changes have increased healthy eating and physical activity; however, there has been modest success in translating research findings to practice. The School Environment Project tested whether an adapted version of Intervention Mapping (AIM) resulted in school change.
METHODS: Using a pair randomized design, 10 rural elementary schools were assigned to AIM or the School Health Index (SHI). Baseline measures were collected fall 2005, AIM was conducted 2005-2006, and follow-up measures were collected fall 2006 and 2007. Outcome measures included number and type of effective environment and policy changes implemented; process measures included the extent to which 11 implementation steps were used.
RESULTS: AIM schools made an average of 4.4 effective changes per school with 90% still in place a year later. SHI schools made an average of 0.6 effective changes with 66% in place a year later. Implementation steps distinguishing AIM from SHI included use of external, trained facilitators; principal involvement; explicitly stating the student behavior goals; identifying effective environment and policy changes; prioritizing potential changes based on importance and feasibility; and developing an action plan.
CONCLUSION: The AIM process led to environment and policy changes known to increase healthy eating and physical activity.
Elaine S Belansky; Nick Cutforth; Robert Chavez; Lori A Crane; Emily Waters; Julie A Marshall
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  194-205     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2013, American School Health Association.
Assistant Professor, (, Department of Community and Behavioral Health and Associate Director, Rocky Mountain Prevention Research Center, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, East 17th Place, Campus Box C-245, Aurora, CO 80045.
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