Document Detail


Adaptation to separate kinematic and dynamic transformations in children and adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15995259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The question addressed in the present study is whether children and adults are able to combine and decompose separate kinematic (visual-feedback-shift) and dynamic (velocity-dependent force) transformations in goal-directed arm movements. A total of 64 participants (32 adults and 32 children) performed horizontal forearm movements using a single-joint arm manipulandum. When participants first learned kinematic and dynamic transformations separately, target error decreased in a subsequent combined transformation task. This effect was based on previous learning of the kinematic transformation. When they first learned the combined transformation, target error was smaller in the following kinematic-but not in the dynamic-transformation. No difference was found in adaptation performance between children and adults. The results suggest that there are two separate models for the kinematic and dynamic transformation and that a possible differentiation of kinematic and dynamic features of the motor task might already be present at age 11.
Authors:
Petra Jansen-Osmann; Stefanie Richter; Thomas Schinauer; Petra Fuchs; Karl-Theodor Kalveram
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Motor control     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1087-1640     ISO Abbreviation:  Motor Control     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-04     Completed Date:  2005-08-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706297     Medline TA:  Motor Control     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  197-212     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dept of Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-University of Dusseldorf, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological*
Adult
Biomechanics*
Child
Feedback
Female
Humans
Male
Visual Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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