Document Detail


Adaptation improves face trustworthiness discrimination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23801979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Adaptation to facial characteristics, such as gender and viewpoint, has been shown to both bias our perception of faces and improve facial discrimination. In this study, we examined whether adapting to two levels of face trustworthiness improved sensitivity around the adapted level. Facial trustworthiness was manipulated by morphing between trustworthy and untrustworthy prototypes, each generated by morphing eight trustworthy and eight untrustworthy faces, respectively. In the first experiment, just-noticeable differences (JNDs) were calculated for an untrustworthy face after participants adapted to an untrustworthy face, a trustworthy face, or did not adapt. In the second experiment, the three conditions were identical, except that JNDs were calculated for a trustworthy face. In the third experiment we examined whether adapting to an untrustworthy male face improved discrimination to an untrustworthy female face. In all experiments, participants completed a two-interval forced-choice (2-IFC) adaptive staircase procedure, in which they judged which face was more untrustworthy. JNDs were derived from a psychometric function fitted to the data. Adaptation improved sensitivity to faces conveying the same level of trustworthiness when compared to no adaptation. When adapting to and discriminating around a different level of face trustworthiness there was no improvement in sensitivity and JNDs were equivalent to those in the no adaptation condition. The improvement in sensitivity was found to occur even when adapting to a face with different gender and identity. These results suggest that adaptation to facial trustworthiness can selectively enhance mechanisms underlying the coding of facial trustworthiness to improve perceptual sensitivity. These findings have implications for the role of our visual experience in the decisions we make about the trustworthiness of other individuals.
Authors:
B D Keefe; M Dzhelyova; D I Perrett; N E Barraclough
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-06-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in psychology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1664-1078     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Psychol     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-26     Completed Date:  2013-06-27     Revised Date:  2013-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101550902     Medline TA:  Front Psychol     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of York York, UK.
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