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Adaptation at range margins: common garden trials and the performance of Arabidopsis lyrata across its northwestern European range.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23278159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Widely distributed species, such as the perennial plant Arabidopsis lyrata, face a range of environmental conditions across space, creating selective pressures for local evolutionary adaptation. The species' fragmented distribution may reduce gene flow, which could either reduce or increase adaptive potential. The substantial variation in phenotypic traits observed across this species' northwestern European range may reflect a combination of plastic responses to environmental conditions, evolutionary adaptation and nonadaptive genetic differentiation. We conducted multi-site common garden experiments to study differences in plant performance in core and marginal areas. Plants from eight source populations representing the species' full geographic and altitudinal range in northwestern Europe were planted out in Iceland, Sweden, Scotland and Wales. We found evidence of both strong plastic responses and apparently adaptive differentiation in performance. Most evidence for local adaptation was found at range margins, with the strongest effects on reproductive output. Both biotic and abiotic factors affected performance, especially at range margins. Performance of most plants was best in the Scottish and Swedish common garden sites, in the core of the species' distribution. Despite adaptations at range margins, the performance of the species declines at distributional limits, with extreme southern populations looking particularly vulnerable.
Authors:
Philippine Vergeer; William E Kunin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New phytologist     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-8137     ISO Abbreviation:  New Phytol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882884     Medline TA:  New Phytol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2012 New Phytologist Trust.
Affiliation:
School of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.
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