Document Detail

Adaptation of arm trajectory during continuous drawing movements in different dynamic environments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12478400     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Human subjects can readily adapt their movement trajectories to different dynamic or visuomotor environments. The focus of the current study was to determine whether subjects could simultaneously adapt to multiple dynamic environments. Subjects ( n=5) drew ellipses continuously for 70 s using a torquable manipulandum under six distinct dynamic conditions, representing the combination of load type (spring, viscous, and inertia) and load direction (assisting and opposing). Each subject performed two control, ten load, and five washout trials. A significant effect of force condition on the trajectory of the movement was found in 26 of 30 cases (6 conditions x 5 subjects); the magnitude of the distortion differed across the conditions. The extent of adaptation also differed across the loads. Opposing inertia and viscosity led to fast adaptation. However, assisting inertia and viscosity were associated with relatively slow adaptation. The results of adaptation to the stiffness conditions were not consistent. Following sudden removal of the load we saw an additional disturbance of the trajectory (after-effect), which was often the mirror image of the original distortion. The shape and size of the after-effect were different across load conditions. These results show that human subjects can adapt to a variety of different dynamic transformations and that the time-course of adaptation is dependent on both the state space and the direction of the load.
Tamami Fukushi; James Ashe
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2002-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental brain research     Volume:  148     ISSN:  0014-4819     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Brain Res     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-12     Completed Date:  2003-06-18     Revised Date:  2013-12-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043312     Medline TA:  Exp Brain Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-104     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Physiological*
Arm / physiology*
Biomechanical Phenomena
Elbow Joint / physiology
Movement / physiology*
Muscle Contraction / physiology*
Orientation / physiology
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Shoulder Joint / physiology
Weight-Bearing / physiology
Wrist Joint / physiology

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