Document Detail

Ad lib smoking in post-traumatic stress disorder: an electronic diary study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18629724     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Using ambulatory methods for 1 week of monitoring, this study investigated the association between smoking and situational cues in 22 smokers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 23 smokers without PTSD. Generalized estimating equations contrasted 1,759 smoking and 1,088 nonsmoking situations by group status controlling for multiple covariates. PTSD smokers reported higher stress and PTSD symptoms across daily activities. For all smokers, higher nicotine dependence, craving, food and caffeine consumption, and being outside were related to smoking. PTSD smokers were more likely to smoke when experiencing PTSD symptoms, anxiety, and stress. Following smoking, smokers with PTSD reported a significant reduction in negative affect. These results are consistent with previous ambulatory findings regarding mood in smokers, and underscore that in smokers with PTSD, PTSD symptom variables as well as stress and anxiety are significantly associated with ad lib smoking.
Jean C Beckham; Matthew T Wiley; Susannah C Miller; Michelle F Dennis; Sarah M Wilson; F Joseph McClernon; Patrick S Calhoun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-16     Completed Date:  2008-11-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1149-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / psychology
Behavior, Addictive / epidemiology*,  psychology
Middle Aged
Smoking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology*,  psychology
Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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