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Ad-hoc Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Staged Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22081203     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a catheter based procedure where a catheter system is introduced through a systemic artery under local anesthesia in a stenotic coronary artery by controlled inflation of a distensible balloon. At early period, PCI was done in a separate session following coronary angiogram (Staged PCI) and it was more costly and hospital stay was long. As the expertization and laboratory facilities improved, the health care providers think about cost, hospital stay and patient convenience. So, to reduce the cost and patient preferred more PCI being done immediately following diagnostic catheterization (Ad-hoc PCI). Subsequently this Ad-hoc procedure becomes popular and now most of the PCI are Ad-hoc PCI worldwide. Rate of combined procedure (Ad-hoc) progressively increased from 54% in 1990 to 88% in 2000 with a significant decrease in rate of complications. In the initial study of Ad-hoc PCI suggested that Ad-hoc PCI should be done in selected group of patients as there was some potential risk factors (e.g. Multivessel diseases, unstable angina, aortic valve disease, and recent infarction or thrombolytic therapy) for Ad-hoc procedure and some (e.g. Older age, multivessel PTCA and complex lesion PTCA) for staged procedure. But recent studies showed that no significant difference in respect of safety and efficacy between Ad-hoc and staged PCI. Previous studies, in the era of balloon angioplasty from 1985 to 1995, Haraphonges et al. (1988), Rozenman et al. (1995) and Kimmel et al. (1997) suggested that an ad hoc approach is safe, with potentially more complications in patients with unstable angina pectoris or other high-risk factors. However, these reports have been limited to observational studies representing single institution experiences with small samples and inclusion of patients who underwent emergency PCI procedures. In Bangladesh a prospective observational study was done among 120 patients to compare the outcome of Ad-hoc and staged PCI and high angiographic, procedural and clinical success rate with minimum complications were observed in Ad-hoc PCI in comparison to Staged PCI.
Z Rahman; G K Paul; A K Choudhury
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1022-4742     ISO Abbreviation:  Mymensingh Med J     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9601799     Medline TA:  Mymensingh Med J     Country:  Bangladesh    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  757-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dr Md Zillur Rahman, Assistant Professor (Cardiology), National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
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