Document Detail


Acute transmural myocardial infarction in elderly patients hospitalized in the coronary care unit versus the general medical ward.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3655173     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The hospital records of 126 patients over 75 years of age with transmural myocardial infarction initially treated in the coronary care unit were compared with a concurrent similar group of 94 patients admitted directly to the general medical wards. The in-hospital mortality rate for both groups together was 40%. The mortality rate within the coronary care unit was 24% as compared with 46% in the ward group (P less than 0.005). However, the mortality rate for the coronary care unit group as a whole (including those patients later transferred to the general ward) was 35 versus 46% in the ward group. Congestive heart failure and cardiogenic shock were the most frequent complications in both groups (47 and 30%, respectively), and they were the main cause of death. Patients with these complications were less likely to be successfully resuscitated, even in the coronary care unit. The overall incidence of serious ventricular arrhythmias and complete heart block was similar to that reported for younger patients. Eleven patients in the coronary care unit group were successfully resuscitated from these arrhythmias and eight survived to be discharged from hospital. In contrast, only two patients in the ward group were successfully resuscitated and eight (9%) patients died suddenly and the fatal event could not be diagnosed. We concluded that elderly patients with an acute myocardial infarction can benefit from early admission to a coronary care unit.
Authors:
A Sagie; Z Rotenberg; I Weinberger; J Fuchs; J Agmon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0002-8614     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Publication Date:  1987 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-10-30     Completed Date:  1987-10-30     Revised Date:  2008-03-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  915-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Massada Center for Heart Diseases, Beilinson Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / etiology
Coronary Care Units*
Critical Care*
Female
Heart Failure / etiology,  therapy
Humans
Male
Myocardial Infarction / complications,  mortality,  therapy*
Patients' Rooms
Prognosis
Shock, Cardiogenic / etiology,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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