Document Detail


Acute superoxide radical scavenging reduces blood pressure but does not influence kidney function in hypertensive rats with postischemic kidney injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25050356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in hypertensive surroundings. We investigated superoxide radical molecules influence on systemic haemodynamic and kidney function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with induced postischemic AKI. Experiment was performed in anesthetized adult male SHR. The right kidney was removed, and left renal artery was subjected to ischemia by clamping for 40 minutes. The treated group received synthetic superoxide dismutase mimetic TEMPOL in the femoral vein 5 minutes before, during, and 175 minutes after the period of reperfusion, while the control AKI group received the vehicle via the same route. All parameters were measured 24 h after renal reperfusion. TEMPOL treatment significantly decreased mean arterial pressure and total peripheral resistance (P < 0.05) compared to AKI control. It also increased cardiac output and catalase activity (P < 0.05). Lipid peroxidation and renal vascular resistance were decreased in TEMPOL (P < 0.05). Plasma creatinine and kidney morphological parameters were unchanged among TEMPOL treated and control groups. Our study shows that superoxide radicals participate in haemodynamic control, but acute superoxide scavenging is ineffective in glomerular and tubular improvement, probably due to hypertension-induced strong endothelial dysfunction which neutralizes beneficial effects of O2 (-) scavenging.
Authors:
Zoran Miloradović; Milan Ivanov; Nevena Mihailović-Stanojević; Jelica Grujić Milanović; Durđica Jovović; Una-Jovana Vajić; Jasmina Marković-Lipkovski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-06-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  BioMed research international     Volume:  2014     ISSN:  2314-6141     ISO Abbreviation:  Biomed Res Int     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-07-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101600173     Medline TA:  Biomed Res Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  512619     Citation Subset:  IM    
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