Document Detail


Acute respiratory emergencies in emergency treatment of the injured athlete.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2663179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exercise and physical fitness are becoming increasingly popular in our society. As a result there are more individuals who are at risk for the development of acute respiratory emergencies associated with sports and athletics. EIB is a common feature of asthma and is characterized by a postexercise fall in FEV1 of more than 10 per cent. Although a variety of medications have been used for the prevention of EIB, cromolyn sodium and inhaled adrenergic agonists have been shown to be the most effective. EIA and cholinergic urticaria are two physical allergies in which hypotension can be brought on by exercise. In some individuals, EIA develops only in association with the ingestion of a particular food. Associated with sports and recreational activities in alpine areas is the risk of developing acute high-altitude medical problems. One of the most dramatic and potentially life threatening is high-altitude pulmonary edema. The management of this condition can be problematic, particularly if rapid descent to lower elevations is not possible. Although rare, spontaneous pneumothorax and pulmonary emboli do develop in the otherwise well-conditioned athlete. These entities must be considered when the physician evaluates any athlete in whom acute cough and dyspnea develop.
Authors:
D C Adelman; S L Spector
Related Documents :
19650389 - Desaturation patterns detected by oximetry in a large population of athletes.
11310929 - Influence of exercise on serotonergic neuromodulation in the brain.
2913139 - The effects of theophylline on the physical performance and work capacity of well-train...
16235069 - Comparison of muscle buffer capacity and repeated-sprint ability of untrained, enduranc...
18981039 - Cause of exercise associated muscle cramps (eamc)--altered neuromuscular control, dehyd...
11050539 - Special feature for the olympics: effects of exercise on the immune system: modificatio...
24892309 - Incorporating patients with chronic heart failure into outpatient cardiac rehabilitatio...
21083649 - In humans il-6 is released from the brain during and after exercise and paralleled by e...
3146369 - Ambulatory ph monitoring of gastro-oesophageal reflux in "morning dipper" asthmatics.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics in sports medicine     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0278-5919     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Sports Med     Publication Date:  1989 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-25     Completed Date:  1989-08-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8112473     Medline TA:  Clin Sports Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, UCLA School of Medicine.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Anaphylaxis / therapy
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / therapy
Emergencies
Exercise*
Humans
Pulmonary Edema / etiology,  therapy
Respiratory Hypersensitivity / etiology,  therapy
Respiratory Tract Diseases / etiology,  therapy*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA09120/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Drug-related emergencies in athletes.
Next Document:  Acute cardiac emergencies in the injured athlete.