Document Detail


Acute rejection after cardiac transplantation: detection by interstitial myocardial pH.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3539047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intramyocardial pH was assessed as a potential marker for clinical evaluation and treatment of acute rejection following cardiac transplantation. Fifteen cats underwent forty operative procedures. Following intra-abdominal heterotopic heart transplantation, serial laparotomies were performed in the early (days 0 to 2), intermediate (days 5 to 7), and late (days 7 to 16) postoperative periods. Rejection was assessed by serial clinical examinations, ECG analyses, B-mode echocardiography, histological and ultrastructural analyses, and measurements of interstitial myocardial pH. Intramyocardial pH was measured by a new miniature (0.6 X 3.0 mm) fiberoptic pH transducer. At confirmed rejection, concomitant laparotomy and thoracotomy were performed and pH sensors were implanted in both native (anatomical) and graft hearts. Nine animals at rejection were given methylprednisolone and changes in graft and native heart pH were measured. The pH during absence of rejection, mild acute rejection, and severe acute rejection averaged 7.430 +/- 0.019, 7.233 +/- 0.040 (p less than .02), and 6.860 +/- 0.066 (p less than .02), respectively (mean +/- standard error of the mean). A progressive decline in pH was noted in each heart. In animals receiving steroids, graft heart pH increased over 90 minutes from 6.852 +/- 0.065 to 7.043 +/- 0.077 (p less than .05). Although pH decline may be secondary to either inflammatory or ischemic etiology, histological and ultrastructural analyses demonstrate a predominant inflammatory response with progressive mononuclear cell infiltration, interstitial edema, vascular wall edema, infiltration by polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocytes, vacuolation of sarcoplasmic reticulum, and disarray of myocytes associated with falling pH. Degree of pH change correlated closely with degree of histological rejection, presence of ECG voltage decline, and change in wall thickness by ultrasound.
Authors:
T J Takach; L R Glassman; E R Rodriguez; J T Falcone; V J Ferrans; R E Clark
Related Documents :
1349497 - Pharmacotherapy of dilated cardiomyopathy: current status and future directions.
12401537 - Myocarditis in systemic lupus erythematosus.
11698727 - The heart and pulmonary vasculature in scleroderma: clinical features and pathobiology.
6491087 - Cardiac histologic findings in patients with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias o...
6860187 - Ataxic hemiparesis from lesions of the corona radiata.
1689027 - Adult acute rheumatic fever: a rare case presenting with left bundle branch block.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1986 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-01-06     Completed Date:  1987-01-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  619-26     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Animals
Calibration
Cats
Electrocardiography
Female
Fiber Optic Technology / instrumentation
Graft Rejection*
Heart Transplantation*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Male
Methods
Myocardium / metabolism*,  pathology
Postoperative Period
Transducers

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  The chemotherapy of onchocerciasis. XI. A double-blind comparative study of ivermectin, diethylcarba...
Next Document:  Surgical intervention in histoplasmosis.