Document Detail

Acute and recurrent pancreatitis in children: exploring etiological factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23016884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective. Etiologies of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children are more variable than in adults, including drugs, traumas, infections and multisystem disorders as well as biliary anomalies. While causes of pancreatitis have been extensively analyzed, different series reported different causes. The aims of this study were: 1) to assess the etiological factors of acute and recurrent pancreatitis in a pediatric population from a tertiary care hospital; 2) to assess the usefulness of imaging studies in diagnosing etiologies of pancreatitis. Material and methods. Thirty-four children (median age 11 years, 23 males) with AP and 11 with recurrent pancreatitis were retrospectively studied to assess etiology of pancreatitis in children. Results. The most common etiologies of AP were medications (11/34) and biliary tract diseases (9/34), whereas systemic diseases accounted for a small percentage of case. Among patients with recurrent episodes, biliary anomalies were the most common cause (6/11), whereas only 2 out of 11 patients with recurrent pancreatitis presented a hereditary cause. Conclusions. This study highlights that etiologies of AP in children are variable. Epidemiology of AP could be influenced by single center's characteristics. Anatomic anomalies should be ruled out and genetic causes should be considered in recurrent cases.
Federico Minen; Angela De Cunto; Stefano Martelossi; Alessandro Ventura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1502-7708     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060105     Medline TA:  Scand J Gastroenterol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" Trieste, University of Trieste , Trieste , Italy.
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