Document Detail

Acute pulmonary vasodilator response in paediatric and adult pulmonary arterial hypertension: occurrence and prognostic value when comparing three response criteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21893489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AimsTo assess the occurrence and prognostic value of acute vasodilator response (AVR) in paediatric vs. adult pulmonary arterial hypertension, and idiopathic/hereditary pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH/HPAH) vs. pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD) using three different response criteria.Methods and resultsNinety-nine PAH patients underwent AVR testing (37 children, 62 adults; 70 iPAH/HPAH, 29 PAH-CHD). Three response criteria from clinical practice were used to define AVR. The number of responders was evaluated separately in subgroups based on age, diagnosis, and presence of a non-restrictive post-tricuspid shunt. Numbers of responders varied importantly using the different criteria but were always higher in iPAH/HPAH, compared with PAH-CHD. The number of responders did not differ between paediatric and adult iPAH/HPAH. No responders were identified in patients with a post-tricuspid shunt. Acute vasodilator response was associated with improved survival using all three criteria. Low baseline mean right atrial pressure (mRAP) was associated with improved survival in adults (P< 0.001). High baseline mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP)/mean systemic arterial pressure (mSAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR)/systemic vascular resistance (SVR) were associated with worse survival, statistically independent from age, diagnosis, and the presence of a post-tricuspid shunt.ConclusionThe proportion of patients with AVR highly depends on the used criteria, but did not differ between paediatric and adult iPAH/HPAH. Current response criteria are not suitable for patients with a post-tricuspid shunt. In both children and adults without post-tricuspid shunts, AVR was associated with improved survival independent of the used criteria. Nevertheless, prognostic value in the individual patient was limited. Baseline mRAP showed a good correlation with survival for adult PAH patients, but not for children. High baseline mPAP/mSAP and PVR/SVR was associated with worse prognosis independent from age, diagnosis, or the presence of a post-tricuspid shunt.
Johannes M Douwes; Rosa L E van Loon; Elke S Hoendermis; Anton Vonk-Noordegraaf; Marcus T R Roofthooft; Melle D Talsma; Hans L Hillege; Rolf M F Berger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006263     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Center for Congenital Heart Diseases, Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, PO Box 30 001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands.
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