Document Detail

Acute promyelocytic leukemia in pregnancy: all-trans retinoic acid as a newer therapeutic option.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8159357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Acute promyelocytic leukemia is a unique subset of acute myelogenous leukemia, characterized by a neoplastic proliferation of promyelocytes and a prompt response to all-trans retinoic acid (tretinoin), which induces differentiation of immature leukemic promyelocytes into mature neutrophils. Because of the high incidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia and the danger of exacerbation of DIC with pregnancy, management of acute promyelocytic leukemia during pregnancy requires prompt and careful attention. CASE: A 29-year-old woman in her third trimester was diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia and DIC. The infant was delivered by cesarean and the mother was successfully treated with tretinoin, inducing the leukemic promyelocytes to differentiate into mature granulocytes and possibly reversing the DIC. CONCLUSION: If the fetus can be delivered safely, tretinoin as a single agent is an option for the initial treatment of maternal acute promyelocytic leukemia because it does not suppress the bone marrow and may ameliorate DIC. Because of the danger of hyperleukocytosis, chemotherapy should be added initially if the white blood cell count is greater than 5000/microL. If the fetus cannot be delivered at a viable stage, conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy is the alternative option.
J S Celo; H C Kim; C Houlihan; B F Canavan; G P Manzullo; P Saidi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-17     Completed Date:  1994-05-17     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  808-11     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Hematology-Oncology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick.
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MeSH Terms
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / etiology
Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / complications,  drug therapy*
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / etiology
Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / drug therapy*
Tretinoin / therapeutic use*
Reg. No./Substance:

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