Document Detail

Acute poisoning with pesticides in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15935444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Exposure to pesticides has been the source of many acute and chronic health problems in the rural population, mainly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to characterize the poisonings from acute exposure to agricultural pesticides used in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 1992 to 2002, which were reported to the Integrated Center of Toxicological Vigilance of the State Health Department. A total of 1355 involuntary (accidental or occupational) and voluntary (intentional self-poisoning) cases were reported during the period of the study. The majority of the poisonings occurred with men ranging in age from 15 to 49 years of age (55.1%). One hundred seventy-six poisonings lead to death, with a case fatality rate (CFR) three times higher than the average Brazilian CFR. The pesticide poisoning rates, per 100,000 inhabitants living in rural areas, ranged from 25 to 65.7 during the period of the study. In 2000, the micro-region of Campo Grande, where the state capital is located, had the highest rate, with 100.5 exposure/100,000 inhabitants, followed by Dourados, the larger agricultural region of the state. Insecticides were involved in 75.7% of the poisoning cases, followed by herbicides, with 12.2% of the cases. The anticholinestherase insecticides methamidophos, carbofuran and monochrotophos were the primary pesticides involved in the poisonings. The insecticide dimethoate was associated with the highest CFR (30.8%). The high rates of pesticide poisoning in the rural populations of certain regions of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul indicate the need for a more detailed study concerning the risk of pesticide poisoning among these populations.
Maria Celina Piazza Recena; Dario Xavier Pires; Eloisa Dutra Caldas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2005-06-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  357     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-27     Completed Date:  2006-05-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Chemistry Department, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, 79100-000, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Brazil / epidemiology
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure
Pesticides / poisoning*
Rural Population
Suicide, Attempted / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:

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