Document Detail


Acute poisoning in southern part of Bangladesh--the case load is decreasing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21877607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This retrospective study was carried out in the Medicine Department of Khulna Medical College, the biggest tertiary hospital in the southern part of Bangladesh to observe the trends of poisoning in southern part of Bangladesh over four years including age and sex variation, mode of poisoning, type of poison used and outcome of poisoning. The hospital medical records of all patients, aged 10 years and above with history of acute poisoning from January, 2003 to December, 2006 were enrolled. Patients were categorized into four age group including Group (Gr.) I, Gr. II, Gr. III & Gr. IV having age range of 10-20, 21-30, 31-40 & >40 respectively. Underlying causes of poisoning were also observed totally and individually in different mode with male, female ratio and the percentage. Death cases according to mode of poisoning with demographic alignment were also observed. Statistical analysis were done using epi-info version 3.5.1 and measures were presented as proportion and percentage. Among 1903 cases, 1012 (53.1%) were male and 891 (46.8%) female with a ratio of 1.4: 1. The year wise total number of cases were progressively decreased from 627 (2003) to 353 (2006). Most commonly found toxic agent was Organo-Phosphate compound (526; 27.64%) with a very little sexual variation & this trend remained same in all study years. Poisoning with unknown substance was the second leading cause (16.03%) followed by Copper-sulphate (14.03%), Sedative (13.35%), Snakebite (12.93%) etc. Incidence of unknown poisoning, sedatives, snake-bite and corrosives were found to be gradually decreased over the study years. Male were found mostly affected in majority type of poisoning except Copper-sulphate, kerosene, puffer fish, paracetamol and other drugs category. Age group II (710; 37.3%) was the most vulnerable group with male (57.89%) preponderance followed by group I (643; 33.7%), III (329; 17.2%) and IV (221; 11.6%) respectively. Highest 1308 (68.7%) cases were suicidal in mode followed by 304 (15.9%) accidental and 291 (15.2%) homicidal. Out of 1903, 140 (7.3%) patients died. Death rate was highest in OPC poisoning (52.1%) followed by unknown substance (13.5%), snakebite and copper-sulphate (11.4%) etc. In an agro-based country like Bangladesh, it's very difficult to reduce the poisoning cases and mortality. Prospectively designed multi-centered studies are needed to reflect the epidemiological properties of poisonings throughout Bangladesh, and would be very valuable for the determination of preventive measures.
Authors:
F R Chowdhury; A U Rahman; F R Mohammed; A Chowdhury; H A M N Ahasan; M A Bakar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bangladesh Medical Research Council bulletin     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0377-9238     ISO Abbreviation:  Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7607686     Medline TA:  Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull     Country:  Bangladesh    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  61-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet.
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