Document Detail

Acute myocardial infarct detection with dual energy CT: correlation with single photon emission computed tomography myocardial scintigraphy in a canine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23543148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background Dual-energy CT (DECT) has been used to detect myocardial infarct. However, few comparable studies with histopathological findings as gold standard have been published. Purpose To investigate the accuracy of DECT iodine maps for detecting acute myocardial infarction compared with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in a canine model using histopathological findings as the reference standard. Material and Methods A model of myocardial ischemia was created by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery after thoracotomy in six dogs, while another three dogs undergoing thoracotomy without LAD ligature served as a control group. Contrast-enhanced DECT scans of the heart were performed, followed by resting 99mTc-MIBI SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging in all nine dogs before and 3 h after the procedure. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was performed and analyzed. In the short axis of the left ventricle, the wall surface was divided into 17 segments, which were assessed for infarcted myocardium on conventional CT from average-weighted data, DECT myocardial iodine maps, conventional CT plus DECT, SPECT, and histopathology. Inter-observer and inter-modality agreement for conventional CT, DECT myocardial iodine maps, and SPECT were calculated. CT value of infracted and non-infracted areas was measured. Results With the histopathological results as the reference standard, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were 75.0% (30/40), 92.0% (104/113), 76.9% (30/39), 91.2% (104/114), 87.6% (134/153) for conventional CT, 85.0% (34/40), 84.1% (95/113), 65.4% (34/52), 94.1% (95/101), 84.3% (129/153) for DECT myocardial iodine maps; 87.5% (35/40), 92.9% (105/113), 81.4% (35/43), 95.5% (105/110), 91.5% (140/153) for conventional CT plus DECT; 82.5% (33/40), 90.3% (102/113), 75.0% (33/44), and 93.6% (102/109), 88.2% (135/153) for SPECT, respectively. Excellent inter-observer agreement (Kappa value >0.8) and good inter-modality agreement (Kappa value >0.6) for each modality were found. CT values of infarcted myocardium (26 ± 22 HU, 36 ± 33 HU, 34 ± 16 HU) were lower than those of non-infarcted myocardium (115 ± 16 HU, 121 ± 28 HU, 123 ± 11 HU) on images of 140 kVp, 80 kVp, and average-weighted 120 kVp images (all P < 0.05). Conclusion With histopathology as the reference standard, DECT myocardial iodine maps can detect acute myocardial infarction with diagnostic accuracy comparable to resting SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging in a canine model. DECT plus conventional CT had a potential to improve the detection of acute myocardial infarction.
Jin Peng; Long Jiang Zhang; U Joseph Schoepf; Kevin P Gibbs; Heng Shan Ji; Gui Fen Yang; Hong Zhu; Guang Ming Lu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1600-0455     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Radiol     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706123     Medline TA:  Acta Radiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  259-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Imaging, Jinling Hospital, Clinical School of Medical College, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.
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