Document Detail

Acute and long-term effects of exercise on appetite control: is there any benefit for weight control?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20717015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the relationship between energy intake, appetite control and exercise, with particular reference to longer term exercise studies. This approach is necessary when exploring the benefits of exercise for weight control, as changes in body weight and energy intake are variable and reflect diversity in weight loss.
RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence indicates that longer term exercise is characterized by a highly variable response in eating behaviour. Individuals display susceptibility or resistance to exercise-induced weight loss, with changes in energy intake playing a key role in determining the degree of weight loss achieved. Marked differences in hunger and energy intake exist between those who are capable of tolerating periods of exercise-induced energy deficit, and those who are not. Exercise-induced weight loss can increase the orexigenic drive in the fasted state, but for some this is offset by improved postprandial satiety signalling.
SUMMARY: The biological and behavioural responses to acute and long-term exercise are highly variable, and these responses interact to determine the propensity for weight change. For some people, long-term exercise stimulates compensatory increases in energy intake that attenuate weight loss. However, favourable changes in body composition and health markers still exist in the absence of weight loss. The physiological mechanisms that confer susceptibility to compensatory overconsumption still need to be determined.
Mark Hopkins; Neil A King; John E Blundell
Related Documents :
964565 - Absorptive and digestive function of the jejunum after jejunoileal bypass for treatment...
22443525 - Hypnotically assisted diaphragmatic exercises in the treatment of stuttering: a prelimi...
25084295 - Response to an aerobic training intervention in young adults depends on ponderal index ...
19116575 - Implications of weight loss method in body contouring outcomes.
2645785 - Chronic exercise compensates for insulin resistance induced by a high-fat diet in rats.
24839085 - Relevant concepts of functioning for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus identif...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1535-3885     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804399     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  635-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
BioPsychology Group, Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Grant Support
BB/G530141/1//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council; BBS/B/05079//Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Biomarker-assisted diagnosis of acute aortic dissection: how far we have come and what to expect.
Next Document:  Vitamin B12: the forgotten micronutrient for critical care.