Document Detail

Acute inhalation toxicity of 3-methylfuran in the mouse: pathology, cell kinetics, and respiratory rate effects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6710479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The acute inhalation toxicity of 3-methylfuran (3MF) was investigated in male BALB/c mice by morphologic examination of animals killed at varying timepoints following a 1-hr exposure to an initial chamber concentration of 14 to 37 mumol/liter (343 to 906 ppm). In addition, respiratory rate measurements and cell kinetics were used to assess quantitatively pulmonary damage and repair. Necrosis of nonciliated bronchiolar epithelial (Clara) cells was seen 1 day following exposure and was followed by regeneration, which was virtually complete, within 21 days. Cell kinetic studies showed peak bronchiolar cell proliferation at 3 days with a labeling index (LI) of 5.0% compared to 0.4% in controls. An increase in parenchymal cell proliferation was also noted coincident with a mild interstitial pneumonitis. This parenchymal proliferation, peaking at 10 days with an LI of 1.4% compared to 0.2% in controls, consisted primarily of type II epithelial and endothelial cell proliferation indicating possible delayed damage and repair of type I epithelial and endothelial cells. The respiratory rate showed an initial transient increase followed by a more prolonged decrease with eventual return to control levels. 3MF toxicity was also evidenced by a necrotizing suppurative rhinitis, centrilobular hepatic necrosis, lymphocyte necrosis in the thymus and spleen, sialoadenitis, and otitis media.
W M Haschek; M R Boyd; P J Hakkinen; C S Owenby; H Witschi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Toxicology and applied pharmacology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0041-008X     ISO Abbreviation:  Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1984 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-05-11     Completed Date:  1984-05-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0416575     Medline TA:  Toxicol Appl Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Air Pollutants / toxicity*
Body Weight / drug effects
Cell Division / drug effects
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Furans / toxicity*
Lung / pathology
Lymphoid Tissue / pathology
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Respiration / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Furans; 930-27-8/3-methylfuran

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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