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Acute inflammation with induction of anaphylatoxin C5a and terminal complement complex C5b-9 associated with multiple intra-articular injections of hylan G-F 20: a case report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22484575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report was to investigate local immune mechanisms present during an acute inflammatory flare initiated by viscosupplementation with hylan G-F 20 in a patient with osteoarthritis (OA) and past meniscectomy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A patient with a history of bilateral OA and partial left knee meniscectomy, who had received three injections of hylan G-F 20, was diagnosed with an acute flare reaction in the left knee. Her chart was evaluated for clinical, radiological, and laboratory findings and for clinical follow-up. Histopathological synovial examination and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for genes with major roles in local inflammation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for markers of complement activation and cytokines were performed. To study the impact of the inflammatory and immune features we compared the case patient with groups of 3 representative OA and 3 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. RESULTS: The patient exhibited evidence of highly increased acute phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP) in the blood. The pathological examination of the synovial membrane identified abundant fibrinous exudate with numerous particles of hyaluronan surrounded by a dense infiltrate of neutrophils and eosinophils. The synovium had moderate hypertrophy and sclerosis as well as an inflammatory infiltrate predominantly composed of T lymphocytes and macrophages with scattered perivascular eosinophils and neutrophils. Immunoperoxidase staining identified numerous deposits of C5b-9 in the fibrinous exudates and the synovial membrane of the patient. Similar findings were observed in the RA patients, whereas deposits were rare in OA synovial samples. In addition, both anaphylatoxin C5a and the terminal complement complex C5b-9 were present at high levels, comparable to those in RA patients. The levels of mRNA for interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), IL-6, and the neutrophil marker myeloperoxidase (MPO) were markedly increased compared to those in the RA and OA patients. CONCLUSIONS: This present study is indicative of a pseudo-septic acute inflammatory reaction in response to local accumulation of hylan G-F 20 with the activation of complement and local invasion of pro-inflammatory cells.
Cecilia L Dragomir; Jenny L Scott; Giorgio Perino; Ronald Adler; Stephen Fealy; Mary B Goldring
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-9653     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305697     Medline TA:  Osteoarthritis Cartilage     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tissue Engineering, Repair and Regeneration Program Hospital for Special Surgery 535 East 70(th) Street New York, NY 10021 USA.
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