Document Detail


Acute exercise improves postprandial cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21081229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: The effects of 30 min of exercise on postprandial lipaemia in the overweight and obese are unknown as previous studies have only investigated bouts of at least 60 min in lean, healthy individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a single 30-min bout of resistance, aerobic or combined exercise at moderate-intensity would decrease postprandial lipaemia, glucose and insulin levels as well as increase resting energy expenditure and increase fat oxidation following a high fat meal consumed 14 h after the exercise bout, in overweight and obese individuals compared to no exercise. We also compared the effects of the different exercise modalities.
METHODS: This study was a randomized cross-over design which examined the postprandial effects of 30 min of different types of exercise in the evening prior to a breakfast meal in overweight and obese men and women. Participants were randomized on four occasions, each one-week apart, to each condition; either no exercise, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise or a combination of aerobic exercise and resistance exercise.
RESULTS: An acute bout of combination training did not have any significant effect on postprandial measurements compared to no exercise. However, aerobic exercise significantly reduced postprandial triglyceride levels by 8% compared to no exercise (p=0.02) and resistance exercise decreased postprandial insulin levels by 30% compared to aerobic exercise (p=0.01).
CONCLUSION: These results indicate that a single moderate-intensity 30 min bout of aerobic or resistance exercise improves risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese individuals.
Authors:
Suleen S Ho; Satvinder S Dhaliwal; Andrew Hills; Sebely Pal
Related Documents :
19501249 - Exercise and obesity.
17510689 - Eat, run, and...shiver? from the exercise--diet and energy balance symposium at csep 2005.
18348589 - Physical activity and cancer prevention : pathways and targets for intervention.
21333809 - Chapter 11--novel mechanism for hyperreflexia and spasticity.
18772269 - Diet or exercise: what is more effective in preventing or reducing metabolic alterations?
14718319 - Effects of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition, and measures of cen...
24648779 - Whole-body cryotherapy: empirical evidence and theoretical perspectives.
8470459 - Kinematics of the standardbred trotter measured at 6, 7, 8 and 9 m/s on a treadmill, be...
15446629 - Association of exercise counselors' sex with exercise session attendance in women enrol...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2010-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  214     ISSN:  1879-1484     ISO Abbreviation:  Atherosclerosis     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-10     Completed Date:  2011-05-19     Revised Date:  2011-07-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  178-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
School of Public Health, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Aged
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*,  prevention & control*
Cross-Over Studies
Exercise*
Female
Humans
Insulin / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / blood*
Overweight / blood*
Postprandial Period
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Triglycerides / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Triglycerides; 11061-68-0/Insulin
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Atherosclerosis. 2011 Jun;216(2):496-7   [PMID:  21349521 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Current state and future perspectives of trauma care system in mainland China.
Next Document:  A component tracking algorithm for accelerated and improved liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry ...