Document Detail


Acute effects of passive smoking on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in healthy volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21145704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of passive smoking on left ventricular (LV) function in healthy volunteers.
METHODS: Sixty-one healthy nonsmoking volunteers were enrolled in this study. LV M-mode, two-dimensional, conventional Doppler, and color tissue Doppler echocardiography were performed, and carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels were obtained from subjects before and immediately after exposure to passive smoking for 30 min in a smoking room. The differences between baseline and post-smoke exposure measurements of transmitral E and mitral annular Em velocities, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and COHb levels were assessed.
RESULTS: Mean COHb levels were statistically higher after exposure. There were no changes in LV systolic function and volumes. LV diastolic function changed significantly immediately after passive smoking. The transmitral E wave (0.89 ± 0.12 vs 0.70 ± 0.14 m/sec, P = .001), the pulmonary venous D wave (0.52 ± 0.12 vs 0.49 ± 0.13 m/sec, P = .01), and the transmitral E/A ratio 1.79 ± 0.48 vs 1.47 ± 0.32, P = .001) decreased, while the transmitral A wave did not change. The mitral annular Em velocity decreased (12.5 ± 2.1 vs 11.7 ± 1.9 cm/sec, P = .001), the Am velocity increased (6.3 ± 2.1 vs 6.8 ± 1.6 cm/sec, P = .001), and the Em/Am ratio decreased (2.28 ± 0.82 vs 1.78 ± 0.42, P = .001). Color Doppler echocardiography determined diastolic impairment in only women, whereas color tissue Doppler echocardiography demonstrated diastolic dysfunction in both genders. Acute deleterious effects of passive smoking on color Doppler echocardiographic parameters were more prominent in women. Change in E was related to changes in heart rate and systolic blood pressure and with COHb levels, while change in Em was related only to COHb levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Acute exposure to passive smoking impairs LV diastolic function in healthy volunteers. The mechanism whereby passive smoking affects diastolic function is probably complex; however, carbon monoxide exposure and an increment in COHb level may be among the causes.
Authors:
Ali Dogan; Mikail Yarlioglues; Ibrahim Gul; Mehmet Gungor Kaya; Ibrahim Ozdogru; Nihat Kalay; Mehmet Tugrul Inanc; Mehtap Ozdogru; Idris Ardic; Orhan Dogdu; Namık Kemal Eryol; Ali Ergin; Abdurrahman Oguzhan
Related Documents :
24685804 - Pressure-induced alopecia from orthodontic headgear.
24636784 - Blood flow restriction pressure recommendations: the hormesis hypothesis.
2715504 - Decreased reflection coefficient as a possible cause of low blood pressure in severe se...
19857254 - Automatic noninvasive measurement of systolic blood pressure using photoplethysmography.
2579704 - Intraperitoneal low-pressure suction drainage following splenectomy.
8141484 - Cardiopulmonary effects of halothane in hypovolemic dogs.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Left ventricular hypertrophy causes different changes in longitudinal, radial, and circumferential m...
Next Document:  Time-efficient sparse analysis of histopathological whole slide images.