Document Detail

Acute effects of combined high-frequency oscillation and tracheal gas insufflation in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17440419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), high-frequency oscillation (HFO) improves oxygenation relative to conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV). Alveolar ventilation is improved by adding tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) to CMV. We hypothesized that combined HFO and TGI (HFO-TGI) might result in improved gas exchange relative to both standard HFO and CMV according to the ARDS Network protocol. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: A 30-bed university intensive care unit. PATIENTS: A total of 14 patients with early (<72 hrs in duration), severe (PaO2/FiO2 of <150 mm Hg and prerecruitment oxygenation index of 22.8 +/- 1.9 [mean +/- SEM]), primary ARDS. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were ventilated with HFO without (60 mins) and combined with TGI (6.1 +/- 0.1 L/min, 60 mins) in random order. HFO sessions were repeated in inverse order within 24 hrs. HFO sessions were preceded and followed by ARDS Network CMV. Four recruitment maneuvers were performed during the study period. During HFO sessions, mean airway pressure was set at 1 cm H2O above the point of maximal curvature of the respiratory system expiratory pressure-volume curve. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Gas exchange and hemodynamics were determined before, during, and after HFO sessions. HFO-TGI improved PaO2/FiO2 relative to HFO and CMV (174.5 +/- 10.4 vs. 136.0 +/- 10.0 and 105.0 +/- 3.7 mm Hg, respectively, p < .05 for both) and oxygenation index relative to HFO (17.1 +/- 1.3 vs. 22.3 +/- 1.7, respectively p < .05). PaO2/FiO2 returned to baseline within 3 hrs after HFO. During HFO-TGI, shunt fraction and mixed venous oxygen saturation improved relative to CMV (0.36 +/- 0.01 vs. 0.45 +/- 0.01 and 77.8% +/- 1.2% vs. 71.8% +/- 1.3%, respectively, p < .05 for both). PaCO2 and hemodynamics were unaffected by HFO sessions. Respiratory mechanics remained unchanged throughout the study period. CONCLUSIONS: In early onset, primary, severe ARDS, short-term HFO-TGI improves oxygenation relative to standard HFO and ARDS Network CMV.
Spyros D Mentzelopoulos; Charis Roussos; Antonia Koutsoukou; Sotiris Sourlas; Sotiris Malachias; Alexandra Lachana; Spyros G Zakynthinos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-24     Completed Date:  2007-07-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1500-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
First Department of Critical Care, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Gas Analysis
Cross-Over Studies
High-Frequency Ventilation / methods*
Hospitals, University
Insufflation / methods*
Intensive Care Units
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / therapy*
Comment In:
Crit Care Med. 2007 Jun;35(6):1619-20   [PMID:  17522538 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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