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Acute effects of brisk walking on affect and psychological well-being in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21995867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIM: To investigate the effects of an acute exercise bout on affect and psychological well-being in individuals with type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Sixteen patients (mean BMI 28.6kg/m(2)) took part, on separate days, in two randomly ordered conditions, in a within-subject design: a 20min semi-self-paced brisk walk or passive control (sitting with the opportunity of reading). Ten minutes before, during (5, 10, 15, 20min) and following (5, 10, 15, 20, 180min) each, participants completed the Felt Arousal Scale (FAS) for affective activation and the Feeling Scale (FS) for affective pleasure/valence. The Activation Deactivation Adjective Check List (Tense Arousal and Energetic Arousal) was also completed before and after each condition. Heart rate and Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) were assessed during exercise. Glucose levels were obtained from participants before and after exercise and control. RESULTS: Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed significant condition by time interaction effects for FS, FAS, Energetic Arousal (EA) and Tense Arousal (TA). Brisk walking increased FS (15min after exercise p=0.020; 20min after exercise p=0.034) and FAS (all time points after baseline). EA was significantly higher 5min after the exercise session (p=0.029) in comparison to the control situation. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that an acute exercise bout has positive influences on affect and psychological well-being. The usefulness of exercise to elevate affective responses (activation and pleasure) should be highlighted when promoting exercise interventions in subjects with type 2 diabetes.
Martin Kopp; Maria Steinlechner; Gerhard Ruedl; Larissa Ledochowski; Gerhard Rumpold; Adrian H Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetes research and clinical practice     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8508335     Medline TA:  Diabetes Res Clin Pract     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
University of Innsbruck, Department of Sport Science, Austria.
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