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Acute deterioration of a Chiari I malformation: an uncommon neurosurgical emergency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21472461     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Report and discuss acute neurological deterioration of Chiari I malformation (CMI), surgical treatment and timing, clinical outcome and literature review. CASE REPORT: We report a recent case of a 15-year-old girl admitted for an acute neurological deterioration caused by an undiagnosed hindbrain herniation that required an urgent foramen magnum decompression and external ventricular drainage insertion. Moreover, we report and discuss the literature. To the authors' knowledge, this is only the third paediatric patient identified in this setting to be treated for an acute neurological deterioration due to a previous asymptomatic hindbrain herniation. The patient made an uncomplicated recovery and was discharged home on the seventh postoperative day and has remained well at review. DISCUSSION: Acute deterioration of CMI in completely asymptomatic patients in absence of concomitant pathological findings is rarely reported in the literature, and exceptional in children. CONCLUSIONS: CMI is typically treated electively, but as this case illustrates, it can present with rapidly deteriorating neurological signs. Symptoms usually respond well to surgical intervention with rapid improvement.
Authors:
Benedetta Ludovica Pettorini; Anna Gao; Desiderio Rodrigues
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-0350     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, B4 6NH, Birmingham, UK, benedettaludovica@virgilio.it.
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