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Acute confusional migraine: is it a distinct form of migraine?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23409692     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
AIM: The aim of this study was to illustrate ACM in the neuropaediatric practice, to discuss its place in the ICHD-II and to propose diagnostic criteria.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2509 files of newly diagnosed patients, aged 0-18 years, treated as in- and outpatients in the Neuropaediatric Ward at the Plovdiv Medical University Hospital between 2002 and 2006 were screened retrospectively. Their diagnosis was based on detailed medical history, physical and neurological examination, additional functional, imaging and laboratory investigations. Migraine and migraine variants were diagnosed according to ICHD-II, but specific forms (e.g. ACM and Alice in wonderland syndrome) were also included.
RESULTS: One hundred and eleven patients met the diagnostic criteria for migraine. Migraine variants comprised 24.3% of all migraine cases. In particular, ACM represented 11.1% of migraine variants or 2.7% of migraine and 0.12% of all paediatric neurological diseases. Here, we report three cases of ACM with analysis of the typical clinical and EEG features, review the literature and propose diagnostic criteria.
CONCLUSION: ACM may present as either the only manifestation of a migraine attack or in the context of other migraine forms. ACM should have its own distinct place in the ICHD-II, may be as a subtype of migraine with complex aura.
I Pacheva; I Ivanov
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical practice     Volume:  67     ISSN:  1742-1241     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Clin. Pract.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712381     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  250-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics, Medical University-Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.
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