Document Detail

Acute and chronic effects of extensive radiofrequency lesions in the canine caval veins: implications for ablation of atrial arrhythmias.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17201847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although radiofrequency (RF) ablation within the caval veins has been increasingly used to treat a variety of atrial tachyarrhythmias, the consequences of RF ablation in the caval veins are unknown. We explored the acute and chronic angiographic and pathological effects of extensive RF ablation in the caval veins. METHODS: Under fluoroscopy guidance, conventional (4 mm tip, 60 degrees C, 60 seconds) RF applications (n = 6-7) were delivered in each vena cava (from +/-2 cm into the vein to the veno-atrial junction) of 15 dogs (10 +/- 3 kg). Animals were killed 1 hour and 5 weeks after ablation for histological analysis. Angiography was performed before ablation (acute dogs only) and at sacrifice to assess the degree of vascular stenosis. RESULTS: In acute dogs (n = 5), luminal narrowing was noted in 10/10 (100%) targeted veins (mild in two; moderate in three and severe in five, including two total occlusions). In the six chronic animals that completed the protocol (four died during follow-up), stenosis was also observed in 12/12 (100%) ablated veins (mild in six; moderate in four and severe in two). Of these, one superior vena cava was suboccluded with development of extensive collateral circulation. Histologically, acute lesions displayed typical transmural coagulative necrosis, whereas chronic lesions revealed intimal proliferation, necrotic muscle replaced with collagen, endovascular contraction, and disruption and thickening of the internal elastic lamina. CONCLUSION: In this model, extensive RF ablation in the caval veins may result in significant vascular stenosis. These findings may have implications for catheter ablation of arrhythmias originating within the caval veins.
Guilherme Fenelon; Marcello Franco; Elerson Arfelli; Mieko Okada; Sérgio De Araújo; Angelo A V De Paola
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-04     Completed Date:  2007-03-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1387-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University if São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Atrial Fibrillation / pathology,  surgery
Catheter Ablation / adverse effects*,  methods
Chronic Disease
Constriction, Pathologic
Vascular Diseases / etiology*,  pathology*
Venae Cavae / pathology*,  surgery*

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