Document Detail


Acute case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction in a Japanese population: Takashima stroke and AMI registry, 1989-2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24844755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Few comprehensive stroke and acute myocardial infarction registries of long duration exist in Japan to illustrate trends in acute case-fatality of stroke and acute myocardial infarction with greater precision. We examined 17-year case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction using an entire community-monitoring registration system to investigate trends in these rates over time in a Japanese population.
METHODS: Data were obtained from the Takashima Stroke and AMI Registry covering a stable population of approximately 55 000 residents of Takashima County in central Japan. We divided the total observation period of 17 years into four periods, 1989-1992, 1993-1996, 1997-2000, and 2001-2005. We calculated gender, age-specific and age-adjusted acute case-fatality rates (%) of stroke and acute myocardial infarction across these four periods.
RESULTS: During the study period of 1989-2005, there were 341 fatal cases within 28 days of onset among 2239 first-ever stroke events and 163 fatal cases among 433 first-ever acute myocardial infarction events. The age-adjusted acute case-fatality rate of stroke was 14·9% in men and 15·7% in women. The age-adjusted acute case-fatality rate of acute myocardial infarction was 34·3% in men and 43·3% in women. The age-adjusted acute case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction showed insignificant differences across the four time periods. The average annual change in the acute case-fatality rate of stroke (-0·2%; 95% CI: -2·4-2·1) and acute myocardial infarction (2·7%; 95% CI: -0·7-6·1) did not change significantly across the study years.
CONCLUSIONS: The acute case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction have remained stable from 1989 to 2005 in a rural and semi-urban Japanese population.
Authors:
Nahid Rumana; Yoshikuni Kita; Tanvir Chowdhury Turin; Yasuyuki Nakamura; Naoyuki Takashima; Masaharu Ichikawa; Hideki Sugihara; Yutaka Morita; Kunihiko Hirose; Kenzou Kawakami; Akira Okayama; Katsuyuki Miura; Hirotsugu Ueshima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1747-4949     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Stroke     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101274068     Medline TA:  Int J Stroke     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 World Stroke Organization.
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