Document Detail


Acute arsenic treatment alters cytochrome P450 expression and arachidonic acid metabolism in lung, liver and kidney of C57Bl/6 mice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23409951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract 1. Arsenic (As(III)) toxicity has received increasing attention as human exposure to arsenic is associated with pulmonary, hepatic and renal toxicities. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of acute As(III) treatment on pulmonary, hepatic and renal cytochrome (CYP) P450-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism. 2. Our results demonstrated that acute As(III) treatment (12.5 mg/kg) altered CYP epoxygenases, CYP ω-hydroxylases and EPHX2 mRNA levels that were isozyme and tissue specific. 3. Furthermore, As(III) increased the formation of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) in the kidney without affecting their levels in the lung or liver. In addition, acute As(III) treatment increased dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (DHETs) formation in the lung, while it did not affect liver DHETs formation and decreased kidney DHETs formation. 4. As(III) also increased total epoxygenases activity in the lung while it decreased its levels in the kidney and had no effect on the liver. Furthermore, As(III) increased 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid formation in the liver while it decreased its formation in the kidney. 5. Lastly, As(III) increased soluble epoxide hydrolase activity in the lung, while it decreased its levels in the kidney and had no effect on the liver. In conclusion, this is the first demonstration that As(III) alters arachidonic acid metabolism in a tissue specific manner.
Authors:
Anwar Anwar-Mohamed; Ahmed El-Sherbeni; Seok Hee Kim; Osama H Elshenawy; Hassan N Althurwi; Beshay N M Zordoky; Ayman O S El-Kadi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1366-5928     ISO Abbreviation:  Xenobiotica     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306665     Medline TA:  Xenobiotica     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta , Edmonton, Alberta , Canada.
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