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Acute Reversible Neurologic Deficits Due to Ethyl Chloride Sniffing: A Case Report and Review of Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24247102     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ethyl chloride (CH3CH2Cl) or chloroethane is a colorless volatile halogenated hydrocarbon gas found in many commercially available solvents, and it may be used as an inhalant of abuse. Neurologic toxicity has been reported, as well as deaths. We present a case of a 47-year-old HIV-positive man who presented with acute reversible neurologic deficits secondary to inhalational exposure to ethyl chloride. Laboratory studies and neuroimaging are nondiagnostic in ethyl chloride-induced neurotoxicity and thus requires a high index of clinical suspicion. The mainstay of treatment is supportive with withdrawal of the offending agent and observation for resolution of neurologic symptoms.
Authors:
Mourad H Senussi; Shyam Chalise
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of therapeutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1536-3686     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Ther     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9441347     Medline TA:  Am J Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, IL.
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