Document Detail


Acute Poisoning with Neonicotinoid Insecticides: A Case Report and Literature Review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23078648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Neonicotinoids are a new class of insecticides widely applied for crop protection. These insecticides act as agonists at nicotinic acertylcholine receptors, which cause insect paralysis and death. The high specificity for receptors in insects was considered to possess highly selective toxicity to insects and relative sparing of mammals. However, an increasing number of cases of acute neonicotinoid poisoning have been reported in recent years. We reported a man who developed respiratory failure and shock after ingestion of neonicotinoid insecticide. A detailed literature review found that respiratory, cardiovascular and certain neurologic presentations are warning signs of severe neonicotinoid intoxication. The amounts of ingested neonicotinoid insecticide and the plasma neonicotinoid concentration are not useful guides for the management of intoxicated patients. Supportive treatment and decontamination are the practical methods for the management of all neonicotinoid poisoning patients.
Authors:
Pei-Chen Lin; Hung-Jung Lin; Yu-Ying Liao; How-Ran Guo; Kuo-Tai Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1742-7843     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Clin. Pharmacol. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101208422     Medline TA:  Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology © 2012 Nordic Pharmacological Society.
Affiliation:
Emergency Department, Chi-Mei Medical Center.
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