Document Detail

Acute Effect of Front Crawl Sprint Resisted Swimming on the Propulsive Forces of the Hand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22813753     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the acute effect of sprint resisted front crawl swimming on the propulsive forces of the hand. Eight female swimmers swam 25m with maximal intensity, with and without added resistance. A bowl with a capacity of 2.2, 4 and 6 L was used as low, moderate and high added resistance, respectively. The underwater motion of the swimmer's right hand was recorded using 4 cameras (60 Hz) and the digitization was undertaken using the Ariel Performance Analysis System. Repeated measures analyses of variance revealed that the velocity of the hand, the pitch and the sweepback angles of the hand, as well as the magnitude and the relative contribution of the drag and lift forces were not significantly modified and thus the magnitude of the resultant force did not change. Moreover, the magnitude of the effective force, as well as the angle formed between the resultant force and the axis of the swimming propulsion were not significantly affected. Thus it could be concluded that resistance added as in this study did not alter the pattern of the propulsive hand forces associated with front crawl sprinting.
Vassilios Gourgoulis; Nikolaos Aggeloussis; Georgios Mavridis; Alexia Boli; Panagiotis Kasimatis; Nikolaos Vezos; Argyris Toubekis; Panagiotis Antoniou; Georgios Mavrommatis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied biomechanics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1065-8483     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315240     Medline TA:  J Appl Biomech     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece.
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