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Activity experiences shape perceived fitness trajectories: Results from a 6-month randomized controlled trial in older women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21557117     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In this study we addressed the subjective benefits of activity interventions that were designed to improve cognitive fitness in old age. Two hundred and fifty-nine women (aged 70-93 years) were randomized to participate in an exercise or a computer course or a control condition for 6 months. Subjective ratings of the perceived change of cognitive and physical fitness components were captured before, during, after the intervention interval, and at a 10-month follow-up. Positive and negative affect levels and objective cognitive fitness parameters served as possible covariates. Multilevel modeling revealed that the computer group rated memory and concentration as having improved at 4 months and again at 6 months. The exercise group, in contrast, perceived physical capacities as maintained or improved. The characteristics of the activity experience seem to determine the perceived fitness changes. We conclude that actual learning experiences improve one's self-concept of abilities.
Verena Klusmann; Andrea Evers; Ralf Schwarzer; Isabella Heuser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section B, Aging, neuropsychology and cognition     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1744-4128     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9614434     Medline TA:  Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  328-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin, Germany.
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