Document Detail


Activity of the MEK inhibitor selumetinib (AZD6244; ARRY-142886) in nasopharyngeal cancer cell lines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22565394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study evaluated the preclinical activity of selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142866), an inhibitor of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK or MEK1/2) in 6 nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) cell lines. Selumetinib could achieve up to 90 % inhibition of cell growth with the respective IC(50) values in NPC cell lines as follow: HK1 = 0.04 μM, HK1-LMP1(B95.8) = 0.17 μM, HONE-1-EBV = 0.46 μM, HONE-1 = 1.79 μM, CNE-2 = 2.20 μM and C666-1 > 10 μM. The drug-sensitive cell lines HK1, HK1-LMP1(B95.8) and HONE-1-EBV have higher basal expression of phosphorylated (pi)-MAPK than the less sensitive cell lines. BRAF mutations were not detected in all 6 cell lines. Re-introduction of the EBV genome into HONE-1 cells, generating the HONE-1-EBV cell line, seemed to result in elevated expression of pi-MAPK and sensitivity to selumetinib when compared with the parental HONE-1 cells. At a concentration of 0.5 μM and 5 μM, selumetinib induced apoptosis (as indicated by cleaved PARP expression and caspase 3 induction), and G(0)/G(1) cycle arrest in HONE-1-EBV and HK1-LMP1(B95.8) cells. The combination of selumetinib (at IC(25) concentration) and the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, gefitinib (at concentrations of 0.1, 3 and 9 μM) resulted in synergistic growth inhibition in HK1-LMP1(B95.8) cells. The combination of selumetinib (at IC(25) concentration) and cisplatin (at concentrations of 0.1, 0.4, 0.8 and 2 μM) resulted in synergistic growth inhibition in HONE-1 and HONE-1-EBV cells. This result suggests that selumetinib alone or in combination with gefitinib or cisplatin maybe a promising strategy against NPC. Further studies are warranted.
Authors:
Brigette B Y Ma; Vivian W Y Lui; Crystal S Cheung; Cecilia P Y Lau; Kakiu Ho; Edwin P Hui; Stephen K W Tsui; Margaret H Ng; S H Cheng; Patrick K S Ng; Sai Wai Tsao; Anthony T C Chan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Investigational new drugs     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-0646     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309330     Medline TA:  Invest New Drugs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory in Oncology in South China, Sir Y.K. Pao Centre for Cancer, Department of Clinical Oncology, Cancer Drug Testing Unit, Hong Kong Cancer Institute and Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China, brigette@clo.cuhk.edu.hk.
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